Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection is used to enhance the fertilization phase of in vitro fertilization (IVF) by injecting a single sperm into a mature egg.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection is the process of the injection of one sperm into an oocyte with the help of a micro-instrument. The process is straightforward and is always performed by a qualified medical professional. Even today, the number-one leading cause of infertility issues is defective sperm. When ICSI is used, low motility is no longer a major hurdle to overcome. This medical technique has been tried and tested, and the first recorded birth from this procedure occurred in 1989. Since then, lab equipment, procedures and techniques have vastly improved in order to make this method even more effective. ICSI is especially recommended for those who had vasectomies in the past, but who now would like to father a child.
In this procedure, sperm is introduced to an egg by a qualified embryologist. This procedure is commonly used to treat complex forms of male infertility such as oligozoospermia (low concentration of sperm), asthenozoospermia (reduced sperm motility) and teratozoospermia (spermatozoa with abnormal morphology). ICSI is also highly recommended for woman who are over the age of 40 years old, suffer from a thick ovum shell or whose husband has spermatozoa which cannot fertilize, even with normal medical reproductive procedures. Only the most qualified spermatozoon is chosen by the embryologist for this treatment. With the use of a specialized microscope and micromanipulators operated by the embryologist, the egg shell is pierced, and spermatozoon is introduced into the surrounding cytoplasm. Once this is successfully completed, and embryo development reaches a specific stage, this infertility treatment takes on the steps of a traditional IVF treatment procedure where the embryo is transferred to the surrogate uterine cavity.